Sea freight shipping - every thing you need to know

                         Sea freight shipping - everything you need to know

Sea freight, or ocean freight is the main shipping method for international export&import.  Low prices, Large volumes, FCL or LCL options, all theses advantages make delivery by sea a first choice for most importers.

No matter where your Chinese supplier located, your goods are never too far from one of the worlds largest and most productive ports ready to ship your container our of China.

Ports: Shanghai, Shenzhen, Hong kong, Ningbo-Zhoushan, Qingdao, Guangzhou, Tianjin, Dalian, Xiamen and Lianyungang.

20 ' GP / 40 ' GP / 40 ' HQ

These three types are the most common ones used for container shipping.

20 ' GP = 20 FT = 20 ' = 20 feet general purpose

40 ' GP = 40 FT = 40 ' = 40 feet general purpose

40 ' HC = 40 HQ = 40 feet high cube

* General purpose commonly means dry container (DC). sometimes if fluid goods are packed by a flexible container bag, it can also be  delivery by standard dry cntr.


                             20 feet container            40 feet container                  40 feet high                                                                                                                             cube

specifications         8'6'' standard                    8'6'' standard                         9'6''super

Inside Cubic capacity  32.8 cu.m                    67.2 cu.m                              75.9 cu.m

Cargo Capacity        21,640kg                        26,500kg                                26,330 kg

Tare wight                2,360kg                         3,980 kg                                  4,150 kg

                         Outside     inside                 Outside      inside              Outside  inside

Length                6.05m         5.90m                 12.19m    12.01m        21.19m    12.01m

Width                 2.44m         2.35m                2.44m        2.35m          2.44m      2.35m

Height                2.59m          2.38m                2.59m       2.38m          2.90m      2.69m 

FCL - FULL CONTAINER LOAD, which means your goods loading into a full container. you buy large quantity and the freight cost per unit will be less. It's from CY ( container yard) to CY.

LCL - LESS THAN CONTAINER LOAD, which means your goods and other importer's goods consolidating together from the same loading port to the same destination port. you buy the just right quantity suitable for your specific target market. It's from CFS ( container  freight station) to CFS.

You can choose FCL or LCL as you wish. but there's a basic rule you should follow.

- If 1 cbm - 8 cbm, choose LCL

- If 8 cbm - 15 cbm, choose FCL or LCL based on practical 

- If over 15 cbm, choose FCL without any hesitation situation.

If your shipment is less than 1 cbm, for example, 0.5cbm with 90 kg, them LCL or Courier?

you may think delivery via sea is always cost effective. but in fact, courier such as DHL/UPS/FEDEX is more  competitive for this kind of small package. Generally speaking, it's better to choose courier than LCL for the billable weight of a shipment under 100 kg.

FOB, CIF and DAF are three common incoterms when delivery from china. basically how much of the shipping you pay the supplier to handle. based on the incoterm you select, you can let the supplier handle the goods transportation to

- a nearby port in China, which is FOB

- a nearby port in your country, which is CIF

- all the way to your facility , which is DAP ( not including tariff and taxes)

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